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SUTHERLAND Family HistoryThis is ancient surname is both Scottish and locational. It originates from the former county of Sutherland, so called from the pre 7th century Olde Norse 'suthroen' meaning 'southern', plus 'land'. As Sutherland is as far north as one can get in the British Isles, the name seems misplaced, but not so to the Norsemen. Sutherland does lie south east of Scandinavia, and due south of the earlier Norse colonies in the Orkney and Shetland Islands. The surname from this source is first recorded in the early half of the 14th Century, (see below), and early examples include Nicolas of Sothyrland, who had a land charter from his brother, the Earl of Sothyrland, in 1360, whilst a few years later in 1364, Maurice de Sotherland also believed to be a brother of the Earl, was granted leave to travel overland to England during a period of war...
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