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Aitchison Family History
This famous surname is regarded as being of Anglo-Scottish origins, although with Norman antecedents. Found in the spellings of Atkinson, Aitchison, Aicheson, and Aitcheson, it is as a patronymic form of the medieval male given name Atkin or Adkin, itself a double diminutive of the Hebrew name 'Adam', meaning 'red earth'. Adam (as a baptismal name) is first recorded in the English Domesday Book of 1086, suggesting that it was an introduction after the 1066 Invasion. Certainly thereafter it became steadily more popular creating further diminutives such as Adcock and Atcock, with the same meaning. Early examples include Adekin filius Turst (Adekin the son of Turst) in the 1191 Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, and John Adekyn in the 1296 Records of Crowland Abbey, Cambridgeshire...
Atkinson (Variants: Adkinson, Ackenson, Atkison, Aitchison)
An English and Scottish relationship name patronymic from the personal names Atkin or Adkin, pet forms of Adam.
Early bearers of the surname: Robert Adkynsone, 1371 in Patent Rolls (Acton, Northumb); William Adkynson, 1373 in Patent Rolls (Cumb); Johanne Adkynesone, Thoma Adkynneson, 1379 in Poll Tax (Leics); John Adkynsone, 1381 in Subsidy Rolls (Staffs); Robertus Atkynson', 1381 in Poll Tax (Lancs); Robert Atkynson', 1398 in Feet of Fines (WR Yorks); John Atkinson, 1402 in Feudal Aids (Westm); William Atkynson', 1500 in Feet of Fines (Kent); Mgy Attkinson, 1543 in IGI (Norwich, Norfolk); Catheran Attkinson, 1563 in IGI (Chipping, Lancs); Wyllam Ackenson, 1598 in IGI (Canterbury, Kent); Ralph Akinson, 1673 in IGI (Elsham, Lincs); Marmaduke Akinson, 1741 in IGI (Tynemouth, Northumb).
John Atkinson, an English convict from York, was transported aboard the "Albion" on 21 September 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia.
In 1881, the surname was frequent in the North England. Lincolnshire was a top county of the surname with 1,478 occurrences.
In 1881, the most common Atkinson occupation in the UK was Farmer. Farmer, Coal Miner and Labourer were the top 3 reported jobs worked by Atkinson. A less common occupation was Agricultural Labourer.
In 1891 the surname was recorded in England and Wales with 30,685 occurrences and a fewer 172 in Scotland.
The noted, Rowan Atkinson (b.1955), an English actor, comedian and screenwriter, well known for sitcoms Mr. Bean and Blackadder. He has also starred in many other television series and films including Johnny English.
Richard John Copland Atkinson (1920 – 1994) was a British archaeologist and archaeologist. He directed excavations at Stonehenge for the Ministry of Works between 1950 and 1964. He assisted with theories on the origins of Stonehenge and brought the theories to a wider audience on a television series Buried Treasure (1954).
Another noted, James Robert Atkinson FInstP, FRSE, FRMetS (1916-2008), a British radar pioneer and reader in Natural Philosophy.
1881, 1891 Census
1881 Census in Lincolnshire
Dictionary of American Family Homes, P Hanks OUP 2003
Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, H.B. Guppy, London 1890
The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland, P.Hanks, Coats, McClure OUP 2016
1860 Lower, Mark A Patronymica Britannica: a dictionary of the family names of the United Kingdom, London: J.R Smith. Public Domain
1857 Arthur, William An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. New York: Sheldon, Blakeman. Public Domain
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